Trends in air Pollution: The Use of Mosses as Biomonitors

Francis Olawale Abulude, Ebenezer Alaba Adeoya, Smart Adeleye Olubayode, Samuel Dare Oluwagbayide, Damodharan Usha

Science and Education Development Institute, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria,
Engineering Materials Development Institute, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria
Department of Agricultural and Bio-Environmental Engineering, Federal Polytechnic, Ilaro, Ogun State, Nigeria
Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Pondicherry University, India
Abstract: Air pollution is a major concern throughout the universe due to the eff ects on living and non-living things.
Before an area is said to be polluted, there is the need to carry out a bottom-up or top-down assessment of the environment. Mosses have been widely employed as cheap bioindicators of atmospheric pollution. It reduces the timeframe spent in monitoring and the results are reliable. Several types of research have been undertaken on the spatial and temporal trends in air pollution using mosses. This paper explained what moss is, discussed the cost of biomonitoring using a moss, mapping, and researches undertaken on mosses as bioindicators.
Keywords: Pollution, mosses, Bryophyta, Orthotrichum lyellii, cheap biomonitor, mapping, elements.
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