Analysis of Microbiological Tests in Urinary System Infections
Drago Nedić1,2, Branislav Mihajlović2, Jasmina Garić3
1PI Veterinary Institute of the Republic of Srpska “Dr. Vaso Butozan” Banja Luka
2Faculty of Health Sciences, Banja Luka, Republic of Srpska
3Jasmina Garić, Odžak Health Center, Posavska County
ABSTRACT: Urinary tract infections account for about 40% of overall hospital system infections and are a serious
economic burden and problem for public health system in any country. This is primarily expressed through absence
from work. Urinary infection analysis needs to provide better results in this field by improved and better quality
prevention, better education, and also higher quality hospitalisation. Using the method of urine analysis, i.e. through
its results, we come to understand what the most common causes of urinary infections are. The study shows that the bladder inflammation (N30) is the most common admitting diagnosis in subjects whose urine culture was positive. Among the subjects with positive urine culture, Escherichia coli was found in 43.4% of patients. A statistically significant association was found between admitting diagnoses and the age group of respondents aged 35 to 50.
Keywords: Urinary tract infection, urine culture, Escherichia coli, immunity.
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