Air Quality in the Town of Bijeljina - Trends and Levels of So2 and No2 Concentrations

Branko Radović, Predrag Ilić, Zoran Popović, Jelena Vuković, Slavko Smiljanić

1PSRI Institute for protection and ecology of the Republic of Srpska, Banja Luka, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina,;;
2 University of Istočno Sarajevo, Faculty of Technology, Zvornik, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina, jelena.;
ABSTRACT: The paper presents results of the measurements of the sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) concentration and meteorological parameters: temperature, air pressure, relative humidity and wind speed. The data were collected from January 2019 to December 2020 at two stations, namely Center and Heating plant, in the City of Bijeljina, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. SO2 and NO2 are one of the major air pollutants that could negatively aff ect the human health. Levels of SO2 and NO2 in air samples and meteorological variables from urban zone of Bijeljina were determined at both localities, which represent a highly-populated area with intensive traffi c. This topic has not been studied up to now in Bijeljina, although the recent research data indicates that there is a correlation between meteorological parameters and air pollutants. Statistical analysis confi rms direct corelation between SO2 and NO2 and meteorological parameters, specially temperature in locality Center (r = -0.639), the wind speed in locality Heating plant (r = 0.399) and relative humidity (r = 0.162). Correlation of NO2 with temperature is not confi rmed in both localities. The wind speed increase is followed by rises of the NO2 concentration values and vice versa. Correlation of NO2 with pressure is confi rmed in locality Center (r = 0.128) but it is not confi rmed in locality Heating plant. Correlation between NO2 and relative humidity found to be negative in locality Center (r = -0.062). These parameters are the most important meteorological factors infl uencing the variation in SO2 and NO2 concentration in the air during the research. Depending on the obtained correlation, meteorological parameters had a positive or negative impact on air pollution.
Keywords: air quality, sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), nitrogen dioxid (NO2).
QOL-Vol-13-Issue-1-2-46-57.pdf2.34 MB